Estimating Building Exposure And Impact To Volcanic Hazards

Principal and subsidiary building structure characteristics and their distribution have been inventoried in Icod, Tenerife (Canary Islands) and used to evaluate the vulnerability of individual buildings to three volcanic hazards: tephra fallout, volcanogenic earthquakes and pyroclastic flows. The procedures described in this paper represent a methodological framework for a comprehensive survey of all the buildings at risk in the area around the Teide volcano in Tenerife.

Author: Joan Marti
Author: Robin Spence
Author: Erica Calogero
Author: A. Ordoñez
Author: A. Felpeto
Author: Peter Baxter

Publication: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 178(3).

Year: 2008

Modelling Expected Physical Impacts And Human Casualties From Explosive Volcanic Eruptions

A multi-hazard, multi-vulnerability impact model has been developed for application to European volcanoes that could significantly damage human settlements. This impact model is based on volcanological analyses of the potential hazards and hazard intensities coupled with engineering analyses of the vulnerability to these hazards of residential buildings in four European locations threatened by explosive volcanic eruptions.

Author: Jean Christopher Komorowski
Author: P. John Baxter
Author: G. Toyos
Author: Erica Calogero
Author: Ilan Kelman
Author: Robin J. S. Spence

Publication: Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Volume 5, Issue 6, 2005, pp.1003-1015

Year: 2005

Pedestrian Route Choice Simulation Using Mixed Methods

Determination of optimal paths in complex buildings is an open research question. Estimating more realistic route choices for the purpose of simulation would be desirable from a number of perspectives. These perspectives include the optimization of building design for ease of wayfinding; accurate prediction of crowding in emergency evacuation scenarios and accurate prediction of movement patterns in scenarios of normal use.

Author: Erica Calogero
Author: Christoph Stahl

Publication: Environmental Modeling: A workshop held as part of Spatial Cognition | full text (PDF)

Year: 2010

Representational Framework for Pedestrian Movement Simulation in a School Environment

This paper presents some techniques developed in order to explore the relationship between school design and pupil movement outside of formal teaching activity. In this context, the paper presents the development of techniques suitable for use in this application. The process has to be appropriate to school design and to have as its aim the accurate prediction of crowding in the proposed design.

Author: Erica Calogero

Publication: Movement and Orientation in Built Environments: Evaluating Design Rationale and User Cognition, Veracruz, Mexico | full text (PDF)

Year: 2008